vegetation of tamil nadu

As a result, Tamil Nadu receives only a meagre rainfall from this monsoon. Answer: Pulicat, Vedanthangal, Point Calimer-TamilNadu. For example, the hills of Tamil Nadu are generally blessed with moderate temperatures during the day with cool nights. DMPQ- Throw light on important role played by DRDO in India’s defence research. Tamil Nadu has many unique land features that include high eroded mountains. The proportion of deciduous species may be large locally and climbers are numerous. The vegetation, typically evergreen of moderate height, with leathery leaves, vivipary usually, composed of trees specially adapted to survive on tidal mud, permanenetly wet with salt water and submerged every tide. The course will be helpful for aspirants preparing for TNPSC. The study estimated the rainfed cropland areas of Tamil Nadu as 25.67 lakh ha. According to Champion and Seth (1968), it is termed as tidal swamp forest. Tamil Nadu receives low rainfall during southwest monsoon. In Tamil, the word 'nadu' means the "Country" in tamil language; so Tamil Nadu means Country of people who talks the tamil language. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. This forest type present in Coimbatore, Tirunelvei and Kanyakumari districts between western tropical evergreen and the moist deciduous type with mixture of occasional evergreen and abundant moist deciduous tree species. Tree species present in this area are Hopeaparvi flora, Artocarpus hirsuta, Syzygium cumini, Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Describe the climatic conditions of Tropical Deciduous forests. About 75% of India’s rainfall is from the south west monsoon. This type of vegetation is generally called as 'mangrove'. See instructions, General Studies Paper-I for TNPSC Mains Exam, General Studies PAPER – II – HINDU RELIGION, TNPSC  Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, TNPSC  Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Syllabus and Pattern of TNPSC Prelims Exam. Tropical semi evergreen. Algal vegetation or natural debris must be left on the beach. Tamil Nadu receives only a meager rainfall as the state is located on the leeward side. The average contribution is 25-30%. The trees reach a height of 30 to 30 m and are deciduous. Chilka lake – Odhisha Bharathpur – Rajasthan Ranganthittu – Karnataka. The semi-evergreen type of forest, present in the subtropical region of the state. •The trees which grow in the forest are Ebony, Mahogany and Rosewood etc. Types of vegetation. Dense vegetation in the Western Ghats determines the amount of rainfall that Tamil Nadu gets during the summer monsoon. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. A total of 244 species (183 genera and 76 … Those forests are found from plains up to 400 m  the common trees of top storey are Acacia ferruginea, Acacia leucophloea, Albizzia amara and Azadirachta indica, A low forest consisting mostly of small coriaceous leaved evergreen trees with short boles and spreading crowns. The forests are confined to the Western Ghats and the hilly regions of the state. The central area is more arid. These forests are found at about 400 m and above. Question 2. of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, Geological Survey of India, New Delhi. This study assessed coastal sand dunes in Tirunelveli district (south Tamil Nadu), using vegetation as an indicator for evaluating the succession stages of sand dunes. Hussain, S.A., Sugathan, R., Balasubramanian, P. (1985) Some aspects of the climate, vegetation and phenology of the tropical dry evergreen forest in Point Calimere sanctuary. Species diversity, dominance, species richness and evenness indices of plant communities and also population structure of woody plants were enumerated. The common vegetation of sholas are Ilex, Syzygium, Michelia, Eurya and Rhododendron. So, only the tropical crops are cultivated. Vegetation structure and species composition of tropical ecosystems were studied through nine transects at Veerapuli and Kalamalai reserve forests in the Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. Tropical Rain Forests: These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. Answer: Tamil Nadu extends 8° 4′ N to 13° 35′ N latitudes and from 76° 18′ E to 80° 20′ E longitudes. • Number Species Details• 47,000 - Plant species [10th in the World, 4th in Asia]• 15,000 - Flowering plants [6% of the Worlds flowering plants]• 89,000 - Animal species• 1,200 - Bird species [13% of worlds total birds]• 2,500 - fish species [12% of the worlds stock]• 5% - 6% of amphibians, reptiles & mammals. Natural vegetation and wild life 9th 1. Beach Environment and Aesthetics Management Services (BEAMS) Programme for Tamil Nadu. The forests consist of sprawling tropical vegetation and are habitats for wide species of animals like tigers, bears, deer, leopards, snakes and different kinds of birds. According to [9]; [6], ethno-medicinal medicinal plant has been verified and cross checked. This study investigated the current vegetative status of sand dunes on Tirunelveli district and the communities living close to the coastal sand dunes. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Such groves persist to the present day, and have an important role at various socio-cultural, economic, religious and political levels (Malhotra, 1998). have been included in the world network of Biosphere reserves. Types of Natural Vegetation in India. •The trees in the forest grow upto 60 mts. In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. In Eastern Ghats it is found in the upper slopes and Plateau of Shevaroys, Kollimalai, and Pachamalai. The Gulf of Manner in Tamil Nadu; The Nilgiris (Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) Question 13. Tamil Nadu has many unique land features that include high eroded mountains. The state experiences a tropical climate. In addition to thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests and grasslands are also found in these forests. Most of the Tamil Nadu forests have been made into various national parks, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in order to conserve the diverse flora and fauna. Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state in terms of its geographical area. Crops include rice, mangoes, bananas, brinjals, tapioca, tomatoes, onions, rubber, coconuts, groundnuts, coffee, tea and sugar cane. Around 310 individuals participated in this event. They are. The Western Ghats, one of the 34 globally recognised biodiversity hotspots (Mittermeier & al., 2004), also forms a significant part of the state. 24684 wetlands have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu. This article provides an overview of the history and ecological status of the sacred groves in the villages of Tamil Nadu. In this course, Mahathevan will provide in-depth knowledge of Geography. Accordingly, Kovalam Beach has been chosen to develop, as per the principles of Blue Flag Beach Programme in Tamil Nadu, as a pilot project as it meets the water quality & safety criteria as per the Blue Flag Standards. Question 2. The canopy is closed. Financial and technical assistance is provided to many Botanical Gardens by the government since 1992. Mainly tropical, the climate of Tamil Nadu is known for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers. “Vegetation is basically working as capacitor.” Most of the species are deciduous. They are home to the rich and varied Wild life in Tamil Nadu. For example, the hills of Tamil Nadu are generally blessed with moderate temperatures during the day with cool nights. The vegetation of the Tamil Nadu forests range from dry deciduous forests to moist deciduous forests. It is bordered by Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, Andhra Pradesh to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. Wetlands of Tamil Nadu. Answer: Vegetation Types of India. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. Question 14. They are. Among the districts, the Nilgiris possesses the highest percentage of area under forest followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and Kanyakumari districts. Describe the forests of India. Answer: Natural Vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by human for a long time. Conclusion. • You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. a) Tamil Nadu b) Assam c) Bihar d) Madhya Pradesh. Vegetation Cover is the one of most important biophysical indicator to soil erosion, which can be estimated using vegetation indices derived from the Satellite images [1-5]. Human Geography of Tamil Nadu 220 Climate Tamil Nadu is situated in the tropical zone, which is nearer to the equator. The common trees are Albizzia amara, Anogeissus latifolia, Butea monosperma and Terminalia spp., etc. This rich wildlife is attributed to the diverse relief features as well as favorable climate and vegetation in the Indian state. a) Aravallis b) Vindhyas c) Eastern Ghats d) Western Ghats. In fact, Tamil Nadu is the only state with both hill ranges, Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats, both meet at the Nilgiri hills. This chapter focuses on the distribution, characteristics and utilisation of different resources in Tamil Nadu. On the other hand, the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu have very little differences in their summer or winter temperatures. It is unique for its having both the Eastern and Western Ghats in its territory. Epiphytes are common. Total wetland area estimated is 902534 ha which is 6.92 % of the geographic area. Mention the Latitudinal and Longitudial extent of Tamil Nadu. Our state Tamil Nadu has a hoary past witha variety of cultural practices and traditions.Its exquisite physiography and climate makesour state unique in India. About 75% of India’s rainfall is from the south west monsoon. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Much of the land is fertile, lush and hilly, making for beautiful scenery and ideal habitats for a range of plants and animals. Four out of these, the Sunderbans in the west Bengal, Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu and the been included in the world network of biosphere reserves. To see this page as it is termed as tidal swamp forest president of India s! Allow us to delineate the distribution, characteristics and utilisation of different resources in Tamil resulting! Pocket veto power of president of India has many unique land features that high! 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