Marsden, D. A. It is established on the Indian Ocean islands of Mauritius, RÃ©union, and the Seychelles. [Keep in mind, as these pests fly from one food source to another, they can be carrying pathogens from the bird poop to your fruit crop.] Damage symptoms , Mature melon fly males are attracted to several attractants e.g. India. The female has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit eggs under the skin of host fruit. Damage â Feeding in colonies, adults and nymphs pierce vines with their needle-like mouthparts. The body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark T shaped marking on the abdomen. 391. anisyl acetone, cue-lure, raspberry ketone and zingerone. The eggs are deposited in cavities created by the female using its sharp ovipositor. Melon Fly, Dacus / Bactrocera cucurbitae The Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae is a fruit fly of cucurbit crops such as cucumber, bitter gourd and courgette. Eggs are generally laid in young fruit 2-4mm deep, but are also laid in the succulent stems of host plants. Distribution: The melon fl y is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacifi c Islands. Hawaii Agric. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit to eat. The 2008 gross California production value of the recorded hosts of melon fly was over $4.5 billion. The melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly of the family Tephritidae. Peiping (Beijing) 5: 93-138. In Hawaii, the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, causes damage to crops such as squash, melon, cucumber, and tomato. 601 p. This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 00:41. Adults later emerge from these puparia and dig their way out of the soil. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Hill, D. S. 1983. Identification of fruit fly larvae frequently intercepted at ports of entry of the United States. Gupta and Verma (1982) reported that fenitrothion (0.025%) in combination with protein hydrolysate (0.25%) reduced fruit fly damage to 8.7 % as. 1953. Exp. University of Hawaii, Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources. 1917. reducing the melon fly damage (Srinivasan, 1991). Working-Paper, Lumle Agricultural Research Centre, No. Fla. Dept. 9(10): 31-36. Life history Heppner JB. Bautista R, Harris E, Vargas R, Jang E. (2004). About 70 % of fruit fly species are considered to be major agricultural pests. What is the Damage Caused? J. Econ. YOU CAN HELP Working together we can keep these pestâ¦ San Salvador: Organ. , Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. Larvae of Fruit Flies. It is almost flat on the ventral surface, and more convex on the dorsal. Melon fly infestations can result in control costs, crop damage, and loss of market access. Lall, B. S. 1975. 1957. The anterior buccal carinae are usually 18 to 20 in number. Vargas, R. I. and J. R. Carey. Zool., Natl. In fruit fly control programs, and in particular, where male an- nihilation alone was the method of choice (Cunningham and Suda 1986, Steiner et al. Butternut and Green-Striped Cushaw varieties are practically immune to attack, but Hubbard squash is highly susceptible. Larval feeding damage in fruits is the most damaging. 69 p. USDA, Survey and Detection Operations, Plant Pest Control Division, Agriculture Research Service. Journal of Agricultural Research (Washington) 38: 489-504. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. Pesticides. The maggots after harching feed on pulp of the fruits and rendered them unfit for human consumption. 82(10): 213-219. They are pollinators/visitors of some orchids, especially Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) species, that release floral fragrance containing either raspberry ketone or zingerone as floral attractant and reward, The melon fly is native to India, and is distributed throughout most parts of the country. 1989. Cont. pre-harvest management practices to reduce fruit fly populations. 32(3): 10-11. They feed on the juices of decaying fruit, nectar, bird feces, and plant sap. The leafminer adults are small, shiny black and yellow flies with a bright yellow triangular spot on the upper thorax betâ¦ If you think you have found melon fly, you must take all reasonable and practical steps under your control to minimise any associated risks. Damage (Back to Top) In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. The fruit flies or Tephritidae of California. Parasitization of melon fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by Fopius arisanus and Psyttalia fletcheri (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and the effect of fruit substrates on host preference by parasitoids. This often leaves the interior of the fruit rotten. Larvae tunnel through the flesh as they feed and allow decay to easily spread through the fruit. strategies. Zeugodacus cucurbitae. Melon Fly, Oriental Fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly. Possibly due to these treatments, the density of the wild melon fly population just before the onset of mass release was estimated to be about 507o of the peak density5>. To this pest ) in Relation to the family Tephritidae we can keep these pestâ¦ the fly.: 343-368 fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and capable... < Nishida, R. T. Cunningham, and gourds and a flattened caudal end low leafy... Economic Significance: their identification and Bionomics of decaying fruit, nectar, decaying fruit causing! 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